Key facts about Belarus

Official Name - Republic of Belarus

President of Belarus - Alexander Lukashenko (1994 - present)

Prime Minister of Belarus - Andrei Kobyakov (2014)

Total land area of Belarus: 207,600 km²

Nationality of Belarus:

  • Population – 9.498,4 million (on 1 January 2016)
  • Life expectancy at birth – 73.2 years
  • Population living in cities – 77.6%

The capital is Minsk – 1.959,8 million inhabitants

Regional centres of Belarus (on 1 January 2016):

  • Brest Region – 1.387,0 million inhabitants (Brest – 340 thousand)
  • Vitebsk Region – 1.193,6 million inhabitants (Vitebsk – 376 thousand)
  • Gomel Region – 1.422,9 million inhabitants (Gomel – 531 thousand)
  • Grodno Region – 1.050,1 million inhabitants (Grodno – 366 thousand)
  • Mogilev Region – 1.067,7 million inhabitants (Mogilev – 378 thousand)
  • Minsk Region – 1.417,3 million inhabitants


Belarusian – 83,7%, Russian – 8,3%, Polish – 3,1%, Ukrainian – 1,7%, Jewish – 0,1% (Source: 2009 census).

Languages spoken in Belarus:

Belarusian and Russian

National holidays in Belarus:

Independence Day, 3 July

Currency of Belarus:

Belarusian rouble (BYN)

belarus symbols

In accordance with the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus the State Flag, the State Emblem and the State Anthem are symbols of sovereignty of the country.

The State Flag of the Republic of Belarus

The State Flag of the Republic of Belarus is a rectangular canvas made of two horizontal coloured stripes. The upper one is red and makes up two thirds of the width while the lower one is green and as large as one third of the flag width. A vertical red-on-white Belarusian national pattern as large as one ninth of the flag length is located near the flagpole.

The State Emblem of the Republic of Belarus

The State Emblem of the Republic of Belarus is made up of a green outline of the Republic of Belarus lit by the golden rays of the sun rising over the globe. A five-pointed red star is located at the top of the outline. The emblem is encircled by a wreath of golden wheat heads intertwined with clover flowers on the right and flax flowers on the left. The wheat heads are embraced by a red-and-green ribbon with a golden inscription “Republic of Belarus”.

The Republic of Belarus celebrates the state holiday of the Belarus State Flag and State Emblem Day on the second Sunday of May every year.

The State Anthem of the Republic of Belarus

The music for the State Anthem of the Republic of Belarus has been written by Nestor Sokolovsky, the lyrics — by Mikhail Klimkovich and Vladimir Korizna.

The State Anthem of the modern Belarus retains the musical basis of the anthem of the Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic. The music by Nestor Sokolovsky has been popular and respected by generations of Belarusians, this is why it was decided to keep it when the anthem of the independent Belarus was created. After that a contest for the anthem lyrics was announced.

The words of the State Anthem reflect development of the Republic of Belarus as a sovereign and peace-loving country. They emphasise patriotism and diligence of the nation, brotherly relations between all nationalities that live in the country.

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